Hamilton was hit to the back of the field by Raikkonen after just three corners at Silverstone but responded to finish second to Sebastian Vettel.
Hamilton was on a charge from the first lap, back up to seventh after nine laps but still 26 seconds behind his fellow four-time world champion.
"Every race is a team race, but today it was even more important for us to win here, because the last few years had been very hard to us", said Vettel. "Sometimes we talk nonsense and we learn from this".
Lapping well around the 5.891-kilometre course, Hamilton soon moved into the points and was 25 seconds off Vettel by lap 9, with the German 5 seconds ahead of Bottas at the front.
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The center-back will be key to limiting England's threat from set pieces and will be a useful weapon in the opposition box, too. The more big games we're involved and the more they come out successful in, the more belief it will build.
Vettel and Raikkonen pitted but Mercedes kept their drivers out, assuring Hamilton that he was "the fastest guy by miles" with everything to play for on tyres that would last the distance. Ferrari now lead the constructors' standings by 20 points, proving their greater consistency as a team over 10 of the 21 season races so far. Team boss Toto Wolff said the incident was either "deliberate" or "incompetent".
While Lewis Hamilton backtracked on his criticism of Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen on Monday, the Italian team's chief Maurizio Arrivabene launched a scathing attack on the Mercedes team.
"There is no way I can compete with new tyres", he said.
Hamilton's team-mate Valtteri Bottas then led and a second safety vehicle, after Renault's Carlos Sainz and Haas' Romain Grosjean collided, kept the front four nose to tail and only fractions apart.
Hamilton's drive was remarkable; the two safety auto periods helped him, but there aren't many drivers in Silverstone's 70-year history that could have recovered as Lewis did. That released Vettel into a lead he would hold to the end, while Hamilton forced his way inside Bottas at Brooklands a lap later. Go be great today and be you and give zero f**** to what anybody thinks.
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She wrote: "If you cry like a girl when you lose, do ballet". Both Ferrari and Red Bull drivers took advantage of the safety vehicle to stop for fresh tyres, but Mercedes left both of their cars out.
"If he really said something like that, he should be ashamed!" Sometimes they want to teach us how to be gentlemen. Bringing people closer to the sport is one thing, but asking them to help develop their sport is the next step. Ricciardo's Red Bull teammate Max Verstappen was battling with Raikkonen but his race ended at lap 48.
"It's not going to be easy to pass them tomorrow, but we've seen overtaking on this track before, so there's still opportunity for more".
Lewis Hamilton on track at Silverstone ahead of the 2018 British Grand Prix. I was closing on Sebastian and we had an advantage at the end of the first stint.
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Some conservatives said Paul said he might oppose a Kavanaugh nomination, but Paul did not publicly say he would vote against him. He laid out the legal framework supporting Clinton's impeachment for his affair with then-White House intern Monica Lewinsky .